Coronary artery calcification in male endurance athletes

The Irish poet William Butler Yeats wrote, “Too long a sacrifice can make a stone of the heart.” Was he referring to endurance athletes? Perhaps. Coronary artery calcification, or CAC, is a marker for subclinical atherosclerosis and can be detected (and quantitated) using ultrafast CT. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) found that a calcium […]

The Exercise Paradox: Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Athletes

The long term benefits of exercise are well documented, but as sports cardiologists we know that these benefits must be balanced against the short term risk of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) from ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) occurring during or after exercise. The incidence of SCA is 1 in 50,000 among NCAA athletes, […]